Goddesses

In the Name of the Goddess


The Goddess has blessed the earth and Her children in many guises.
She has answered the prayers of her peoples under many names.
The Goddess embodies the female persona.
These are but a few from around the world and from time immortal.

Amaterasu Omi Kami – The Shinto sun goddess of Japan. Beauty.

Annit – Northern Babylonian Goddess who was superseded by Ishtar. Originally the ruler of the moon, Annit was portrayed as a disk with eight rays. She and Sin, a male moon god would come to the aid of mortals.

Aphrodite – Venus. The goddess of love. Born of the ocean foam, from the severed genitals of Uranus.

Arianrhod – Welsh Moon Mother and Goddess of fertility and one of several children of the mother Goddess Don. Her home was in the constellation Corona Borealis.

Artemis – (Diana, Cynthia) Daughter of Zeus and Leto. The virgin goddess associated with the Waxing Moonand hunting. She was the Patroness of unmarried girls and chastity.

Aruru – the Great, the Potter, she taught women to form clay dolls and smear them with menstrual blood as a conception-charm.(AKA Mesopotamian Goddess Ninhursang made mankind out of clay and infused it with her ‘blood of life.’ Under her alternate names of Mammetun or Aruru the Great, the Potter, she taught women to form clay dolls and smear them with menstrual blood as a conception-charm.

Artimpaasa – Scythian Moon Goddess.

Athena – (Pallas Athena, Minerva) Virgin goddess of wisdom, skills, warfare, a natural strategist and overseer, she is said to have been born from the forehead (3rd Eye) of Zeus, fully armed for battle.

Athenesic – Native American Moon Goddess.

Auchimalgen – Chilean Moon Goddess who served as protector

Aura – Goddess of the breeze. Daughter of Eos (Aurora).

Aurora – Goddess of the dawn. Daughter of Hyperion and Thea.

Baba Yaga – Slavic goddess representing birth-death. Wild Woman of the woods.

Bast – Egyptian cat-headed goddess of pleasure, joy, music, dance, health, healing, the Moon and cats.

Brigid – Celtic goddess of fire, fire of inspiration, smithcraft, poetry, healing and divination.

Britomartis – Originally a Crean Moon Goddess, later assimilated by the conquering Greeks. Britomartis would appear in the night’s sky to aid navigators of the sea.

Caotlicue – Aztec Moon Goddess and wife of the Sun God. Sometimes called the lunar counterpart to the Earth Goddess Coatlicue.

Chang-o (also Chang-wo, Heng-E, Heng-O) – Chinese Moon Goddess.

Ceres – (Demeter) Daughter of Cronus and Rhea. Goddess of agriculture, grain, harvest, fruits, flowers, fertility of the earth. Mother of Persephone.

Cerridwen – Welsh goddess of death and rebirth, the moon, inspiration, poetry, prophecy, shape-shifting. she is the “White Sow”, the revered Crone Goddess into whose Cauldron we must enter to be reborn.

Coatlicue – The mother of the Aztec gods. Earth mother, goddess of life and death.

Corn Woman – Native Indian goddess of nourishment.

Cupid – (Eros, Amor) God of love. Son of Hermes (Mercury) and Aphrodite (Venus).

Dae-Soon – Korean Moon Goddess

Demeter – See Ceres (above).

Diana – Roman assimilation of the Greek Moon Goddess Artemis. Diana was often portrayed riding the moon, with a bow in her hands. She was frequently worshipped out in the open, so she could look down at her faithful.

Durga – Hindu goddess of boundaries.

Europa – A Cretan Goddess who had lunar attributes; Europa takes it’s name from her.

Eostre – German goddess of fertility, agriculture and spring.

Ereshkigal – Sumerian goddess of the netherworld, sister to Inanna (Ishtar).

Estsanatlehi – Native Indian goddess of self-renewal, cycles.

Eurynome – Pre-Greek goddess of ecstasy and all things.

Fauna – Goddess of fertility, nature, farming, animals.

Flora – Goddess of flowers, gardens and love.

Freya – Viking goddess of sexuality. Sometimes related to ironic fate.

Gaea – Mother Earth.

Gnatoo – Moon Goddess of the Friendly Islands. Her portrayal, as a woman pounding out tapa, is a motif of Polynesian woman-in-the-moon myths.

Gwaten – Japanese Buddist lunar Goddess, one of twelve Buddist deities called the Jiu No O, adopted from Hindu mythology. Gwaten is derived from the Hindu God Soma, and is portrayed as a woman holding in her right hand, a disk symbollizing the Moon.

Gyhldeptis – The forest goddess of the Tlingit and Haida people of northwest North America.

Hathor – Egyptian goddess of birth, death, bodily pleasures, sound, music, song, dance, art, love and touch.

Hanwi – Oglala Moon Goddess who lived with the Sun God Wi. She was tricked by a woman into giving up her seat next to Wi and was shamed. She left Wi’s home and went her own way, as a punishment she was forced to give up rulership of dawn and twilight, and to hide her face when near the sun.

Hecate – Pre-Greek goddess of midwives, birth, fertility, dark of the moon, magic, wealth, education, ceremonies and the Underworld.

Hera – (Juno) Daughter of Cronos and Rhea, sister and wife of Zeus. Goddess of women and childbirth.

Hestia – (Vesta) The virgin goddess of the hearth, symbol of the home. Daughter of Chronos and Rhea. known for her absolute dedication and focus in guarding the eternal flame on her altar.

Hina (also Ina) – Polynesian Goddess. In Hawaiian mythology, her full name is Hina-hanaia-ka-malma, which means “the woman who worked in the moon”. Another myth credits her with creating the first coconuts with Te Tuna “The Eel.”.

Huitaca (also Chia) – Moon Goddess to the ancient Chibacha Native Americans, who lived in what now is Columbia. Huitaca was depicted as an owl and represents the spirit of joy and pleasure.

Inanna – Sumerian goddess (Venus-like) who represents embracing the shadow, and is known for her journey through the seven gates to the “Great Place Below”.

Ishtar (also Asdar, Astar, Istar, Istaru) – Babylonian Goddess who ruled the Moon, derived in part from the Sumerian goddess Inanna.

Isis – Egyptian goddess of mothering. who was both the moon and the mother of the sun. She was depicted holding a papyrus scepter and the ankh, which represents life.

Ix Chel – Mayan goddess of creativity, weaving, magic, health, healing, sexuality, water and childbirth.

Juno – Roman Sky and Moon Goddess. Her women worshipers would dance under the light of the new moon.

Kali – Hindu triple goddess of creation, preservation and destruction. Known as “the black one” she conjures fear; consort of Shiva.

Kuan Yin – Chinese goddess of compassion. symbolizes the epitome of the Feminine.

Lady of Beasts – Sumerian, Indian goddess of relationships, fertility, creativity and the life-giving force.

Lalal (also Losna, Lucna) – Etruscan Moon Goddess

Lakshmi – Hindu goddess of abundance.

Lilith – Sumerian dark goddess of female power.

Maat – Egyptian goddess of justice, law, order, truth.

Maeve – Irish goddess of responsibility.

Mah – Persian Moon Goddess, whose light makes plants grow.

Mama Quilla – Incan Moon Goddess who protected married women. Her most famous temple was erected at Cuzco, seat of the Incan Empire. She was portrayed as a silver disk with feminine features.

Mawa – African Moon Goddess, who ruled the heavens.

Maya – Hindu and Buddhist goddess of illusion, intelligence, creativity, water and magic.

Maeve – Irish goddess of responsibility.

Metztli – Aztec Moon Goddess. According to mythology, Metztli would leap into a blazing fire to give birth to the sun in the morning sky.

Minerva – (Pallas Athena) Goddess of intelligence, creativity, wisdom, domestic skills and handicrafts.

Morgan Le Faye – Celtic triple goddess of death, rebirth and rhythms.

Ninhursang – Great ancient Mesopotamian Goddess Ninhursang made mankind out of clay and infused it with her ‘blood of life.’ Under her alternate names of Mammetun or Aruru the Great, the Potter, she taught women to form clay dolls and smear them with menstrual blood as a conception-charm.

Nu Kua – Chinese goddess of order.

Nut – Egyptian goddess of the night sky, mystery.

Oshun – Brazilian goddess of the waters, rivers, streams, brooks, sensuality.

Oya – African goddess of weather, tornadoes, lightning, destructive rainstorms, fire female leadership, persuasive charm, transformation and change.

Pachamama – Pre-Incan goddess of the earth and healing.

Pandia – Greek Goddess associated with Selene, the Greek Goddess of the Full Moon.

Pele – Polynesian goddess of awakening and volcanoes.

Perse (also Persea, Persels) – Early Greek Moon Goddess.

Pheraia – Thessalian Goddess associated with the moon. She is depicted carrying a torch and riding a bull, a lunar animal.

Phoebe – (Another name for Artemis as moon-goddess) The daughter of Uranus and Gaia. The original oracle of Delphi.

Psyche – The personification of the human soul. Cupid’s wife. Her “tasks” assigned by Cupid’s mother, Aphrodite, are the keys to the human feminine psyche.

Rabie – Indonesian Moon Goddess.

Rhiannon – the White Mare, the Welsh Queen of the “Otherworld”, whose Birds could soothe the souls of the most troubled of mortals.

Ri (also Re) – Phoenician Moon Goddess

Sardarnuna – Sumerian Goddess of the New Moon.

Selene – also Mene and Selena – Greek Goddess of the Full Moon. She was depicted wearing the lunar crescent crown and riding side saddle on a horse or in a chariot drawn by two white winged horses.

Sedna – Inuit goddess of the sea, represents victims.=

Sekhmet – Egyptian goddess of the destructive aspect of the sun, anger and rage.

Shakti – Hindu goddess of divine energy

Sina – The Samoan name of the moon-goddess, known in Polynesia as Ina.

Sheila Na Gig – Irish goddess of birth, death and being open to facing your fears of aging.

Sophia – Greek goddess of wisdom.

Sphinx – Greek goddess of challenge.

Sulis – Celtic goddess of illness, wellness and the journey to light, health and wholeness.

Tara – Indian and Tibetan goddess of self-mastery and mysticism, centering, to steer a clear path, to find the stillness and strength within.

Teczistecatal – Ancient Mexican Moon Goddess.

Titania – Epithet for Diana, Roman Moon Goddess

Tlazolteotl also Tlaculteutl – Aztec Sex Goddess who may have had lunar associations. Tlazolteotl whose name means “Lady of Dirt”, produced lust and then forgave those who lusted. She especially favoured illicit affairs. She had four aspects, which have been interpreted in modern times as representing four phases of the moon.

Uzume – Japanese goddess of laughter.

Venus – See Aphrodite (above)

Vesta – See Hestia (above)

Vila – Eastern European goddess of energy moving through the earth as nature, shape-shifting.

Xena – See Athena (above)

Yellow Woman – Huntress Goddess of the Keres, a Pueblo tribe. Yellow Woman is similar to the Roman’s Diana and also appears to have lunar associations; her name itself is suggestive of moonlight.

Yemanja – Ocean Goddess of Brazilian Macumba, Yemanja also has lunar associations. She is portrayed as the crescent moon.

Yemaya – African goddess of the sea, surrender.

Yohuatliceti – Moon Goddess of the ancient Mexicans.

Yolkai Estsan – (also Yokalikaiason): Navajo moon Goddess. Make from abalone shell, Yolkai was the sister of the Sky Goddess Estsatehi.

Zarpandit – (also Zerbanit, Zerbanitu, Zerpanitum, and Beltis): Babylonian Goddess worshipped nightly at the appearance of the moon.

Zirna – Etruscan Moon Goddess. She was depicted wearing a half moon around her neck.

Some of the definitions of these Goddess can be found in the book: Moonscapes by Rosemary Ellen Guiley. Some from: http://www.outoftheearth.com/gandgs.htm

Other Sources for the Names of the Goddess: The Larousse Encyclopedia of Mythology, Chancellor Press ISBN 1851530169

 

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Author: H. Sandra Chevalier-Batik

I started the Inconvenient Woman Blog in 2007, and am the product of a long line of inconvenient women. The matriarchal line is French-Canadian, Roman Catholic, with a very feisty Irish great-grandmother thrown in for sheer bloody mindedness. I am a research analyst and author who has made her living studying technical data, and developing articles, training materials, books and web content. Tracking through statistical data, and oblique cross-references to find the relevant connections that identifies a problem, or explains a path of action, is my passion. I love clearly delineating the magic questions of knowledge: Who, What, Why, When, Where and for How Much, Paid to Whom. My life lessons: listen carefully, question with boldness, and personally verify the answers. I look at America through the appreciative eyes of an immigrant, and an amateur historian; the popular and political culture is a ceaseless fascination. I have no impressive initials after my name. I’m merely an observer and a chronicler, an inconvenient woman who asks questions, and sometimes encourages others to look at things differently.