May 5, 2010
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) occurs when there is an endocrine imbalance of reproductive hormones (estrogen, testosterone, LH, FSH). Women with PCOS generally have enlarged ovaries with multiple follicular cysts (fluid-filled sacs) on both or one of the ovaries that produce excess estrogen.
So what happens when there is too much estrogen in the body? The two main female sex hormones are estrogen and progesterone. When there is an increase of estrogen over progesterone it is considered “estrogen dominance.” A balance between the two of these hormones is needed for the egg to appropriately attach to the uterine wall, which is one of the main complications women with PCOS encounter when trying to conceive.