Author of Sex Time and Power Passes

LA Times

Dr. Leonard Shlain dies at 71; best-selling author and pioneer of laparoscopic surgery
As a surgeon, colleagues say he was ‘remarkably innovative.’ As an author, he presented provocative theories about the relations between science and art and the role of sexuality in human evolution.
By Thomas H. Maugh II
7:13 PM PDT, May 18, 2009

Dr. Leonard Shlain, the San Francisco surgeon who was a pioneer in the use of laparoscopic surgery and later wrote three best-selling books combining anthropology, science and art, died May 11 in San Francisco. He was 71 and had been battling brain cancer for two years.

Shlain was “a remarkably innovative surgeon . . . who led the way in pioneering new and innovative surgical therapies,” said Dr. Damian Augustyn, chief of staff at California Pacific Medical Center, where Shlain spent most of his career.

Shlain was among the first to apply laparoscopic techniques — in which surgery is performed through three tiny incisions in the stomach wall, using a tiny video camera and remotely operated instruments — to the removal of gallbladders and the repair of hernias.

He patented several instruments for use in the surgeries and flew around the world to teach his techniques to fellow surgeons.

But he is probably better known for his three books, which are routinely used in college courses: “Art & Physics,” “The Alphabet versus the Goddess” and “Sex, Time and Power.” His fourth book, “Leonardo’s Brain” about Leonardo Da Vinci, will be published next spring.

“Art & Physics” draws parallels between the development of realistic paintings and the scientific revolution of the last few centuries. “The Alphabet versus the Goddess” espoused his controversial theory that the development of writing led to the dominance of men over women. Singer Bjork credited this book as the inspiration for her recent album, “Wanderlust.”

The third book, “Sex, Time and Power” speculated that prehistoric women’s growing recognition of the dangers of child birth played a crucial role in the development of language. Shlain argued that women began to withhold sex because of the risk, but were unable to refrain completely because they had developed a culture in which sex was traded to men for meat, which replaced the iron they lost through menstruation. As women became more selective in choosing mates, men developed and refined language, Shlain argued, in their efforts to convince women to go to bed with them.

In a 1991 interview, Shlain said he began collecting these ideas to fill the gaps in his education. “I had early acceptance to medical school and quickly went into residency. I arrived at the middle of my life feeling I had holes in my experience.

“I also found it strange that I couldn’t explain why works of art were great, even when I knew they were.”

He started out by giving lectures to doctors, art gallery patrons and others, using their interest or lack of it as a guide to assembling his own ideas about overlaps between various cultural totems.

“What I am trying to do is show that we should integrate our knowledge more,” he said.

His books were frequently criticized by reviewers and experts in the fields he wrote about. In a 2008 interview, he suggested that he didn’t really care about the critics, noting that all the books were bestsellers.


Comment from Leslie

In Sex, Time and Power, Shlain raised many interesting issues about women – he made the poignant point that BCP’s and HRT – have helped to diminish women’s power – have suppressed their passion to achieve and to perform to the best of their ability.


Author: Leslie Carol Botha

Author, publisher, radio talk show host and internationally recognized expert on women's hormone cycles. Social/political activist on Gardasil the HPV vaccine for adolescent girls. Co-author of "Understanding Your Mood, Mind and Hormone Cycle." Honorary advisory board member for the Foundation for the Study of Cycles and member of the Society for Menstrual Cycle Research.