July 21, 2010
Amenorrhea is a condition in a woman during her reproductive age when menstruation becomes totally absent. Amenorrhea has two different stages; the first being primary and second is secondary. The primary stage of amenorrhea is common in an adolescent girl of 14 to 16 years old where menstrual bleeding and other normal sexual development get stranded. This is during the stage of puberty even before the girl has started her periodic cycle. The secondary one is when a lady who has been menstruating all though suddenly stops menstruating. This condition happens in absence of the various reasons responsible for the same like pregnancy, intake of contraceptive pills, lactation or menopause.
There are multiple causes for Amenorrhea. It is primarily caused due anatomical abnormality in hypothalamic axis, genital tract etc. Hypothalamic causes include formation of tumor, any chronic disease, or lack of ganadotropin hormones responsible for function and growth of reproductive organs. Deficiency in nutrition or low body weight both of which are overlapping issues can also be a reason for Amenorrhea. Besides this Pituitary and ovarian causes can also result in Amenorrhea. Other common functional disorders like mal nutrition, anorexia or bulimia, low weight, obesity, excessive stress and exercise, depression, drug use or abuse, chronic disease etc.