Conception and Fertility: What Happens During Ovulation?

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Understanding Your Menstrual Cycle is critical to charting fertility and predicting ovulation. Read about your menstrual cycle – what happens pre and post ovulation – as well as what happens during ovulation and at the moment of conception.

The Dynamics of Conception and Fertility:
What Happens During Ovulation?

> Reproductive Hormones and Ovulation
> Understanding Your Menstrual Cycle
> The Luteal Phase
> Ovulation FAQ
> Stages and Processes of Ovulation

Predicting your most Fertile Periods
Understanding how the menstrual cycle functions – and what happens during ovulation – is key to the successful prediction of ovulation. But what happens exactly? Let’s look at the dynamics of fertility and conception.

During your menstrual cycle, there are far more infertile days than fertile days. The fertile days are those when there is a possibility of conceiving a baby. However, within your fertile period – the window of opportunity for conception – there are also days of “peak fertility”. Identifying these peak times, and planning accordingly, can help maximize your chances of becoming pregnant.

The Dynamics of Fertility
A woman’s fertile period during her menstrual cycle, on average, lasts about 7 days. However, the most fertile period consists of the few days before ovulation. There are a number of reasons why this is the most fertile time. First of all, the amount of cervical fluid increases – and the consistency of the mucus changes substantially (from being sticky and cloudy to becoming transparent, white, and slippery). The purpose of this change is to create a healthy medium for the sperm to survive and travel in. Given a fertile environment, sperm can live several days. The egg, on the other hand, can live only 24 hours – so timing is important. At the moment of ovulation, the body temperature begins to rise to create a warmer, more hospitable environment for a fertilized egg. Also, the cervix will start to rise, soften, and begin to open up.

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Author: Leslie Carol Botha

Author, publisher, radio talk show host and internationally recognized expert on women's hormone cycles. Social/political activist on Gardasil the HPV vaccine for adolescent girls. Co-author of "Understanding Your Mood, Mind and Hormone Cycle." Honorary advisory board member for the Foundation for the Study of Cycles and member of the Society for Menstrual Cycle Research.