By Kum Martin
Progesterone is an important female hormone and plays a vital role during pregnancy. This hormone is produced by the ovaries and facilitates the changes that occur in the uterus during the menstrual period. It is the responsibility of progesterone to prepare the uterus for implantation after the egg is fertilized. It also maintains the uterus after the implantation process. However, sometimes, the levels of this hormone can become low causing a whole lot of physical problems.
Low levels of progesterone are seen in menopausal as well as younger women. When younger women have low progesterone levels, it manifests itself as pre-menstrual syndrome, often referred to as PMS. The common symptoms are as follows:
• Depression is often seen in women suffering from low levels of progesterone. It can also cause suicidal tendencies in the women.
• Insomnia in women can be caused due to low hormone.
• Just before the start of menstruation, many women suffer from anxiety, panic attacks, irritability and mood swings. These are symptoms of pre-menstrual syndrome brought on by low progesterone.
• When women have low progesterone levels, they suffer from loss of memory.
• Low levels of progesterone leads to irregular menstrual cycle. For instance, one month the flow will be heavy, while the subsequent month it will be minimal or there will be no flow. Also, the menstrual cycle changes from 28 days to 20 days.
• Women suffering from low progesterone levels tend to experience weight gain around the abdomen.
• Vaginal dryness experienced during menopause is primarily due to low progesterone levels.
Other symptoms include pain in the joints, frequent urinary tract infections, reduced libido, fibroids in the uterus and cysts in the intestine.